Drill Terminology and Cutting Characteristics

Names of Each Part of a Drill

Shape Specification and Cutting Characteristics

Cutting Edge Geometry and Its Influence

As shown in the table below, it is possible to select the most suitable cutting edge geometry for different applications. If the most suitable cutting edge geometry is selected then higher machining efficiency and higher hole accuracy can be obtained.

Cutting Edge Shapes

Web Thinning

The rake angle of the cutting edge of a drill reduces toward the centre, and it changes into a negative angle at the chisel edge. During drilling, the centre of a drill crushes the work, generating 50–70% of the cutting resistance. Web thinning is very effective for reduction in the cutting resistance of a drill, early removal of cut chips at the chisel edge, and better initial bite.

Drilling Chips

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